Blog - Naturally Strong

Is Carnivory Going to Kill Bitcoin Users?

This year will be remembered for the raising in popularity of two bizarre phenomena who are linked together.

I'm talking about Bitcoin and Carnivory (aka Zero Carb diet).

Now, how is that even possible that something related to money, financial institutions, and banks has any relation with a meat only diet?

Carnivory or Zero Carb (which sometimes is abbreviated ZC) is a diet which has been going around for a few years now and counts numerous supporters and believers that can swear by its "miraculous" benefits.

In a zero carb or carnivore diet, you only eat meat. That's it.

Some people have eggs and dairy too but the main dish here is meat.

Somehow, what one eats, in this day and age, becomes parts of his/her personality.

It's not called a diet anymore but "lifestyle".

As in the past years veganism has become very mainstream and all the rage, it created a vacuum in the opposite polarity that soon has been filled by a meat-only diet.

As marketer and copywriter myself, I got intrigued by this trend I have been spotting throughout the year which seemed to be often associated with the Bitcoin crowd.

Ron Swanson and Meat's Feelings

What's up with Bitcoin and Carnivory?

Most of the people involved in Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies seem to be on the carnivore diet. They completely shunned anything green off their plates.

Why is that?

On the surface, it can be easy to say "well, they are radical people anyway so a radical diet that breaks all the norms is what suits them naturally."

This isn't far from the truth I give you that but I think there's another reason why all these Bitcoin folks are into carnivory.

First of all, a meat-only diet is simple.

Like really simple.

To quote Borge Fagerli from its latest book "The Zero Carb Diet: The ancestral way to lose weight, increase libido, improve physical and mental performance, and forget cravings":

Borge Fagerli Zero Carb

 Borge A. Fagerli 

 Norwegian Bodybuilding Coach 


So what’s for breakfast?
Ok, and what’s for lunch?
How about dinner?

And if you think about it, it makes a lot of sense.

The people involved in Bitcoin are usually guys passionate about computer and technology.

They don't have the time to cook nor they do enjoy it.

Think about it, these are the same people that a few years ago were into Soylent like crazy.

(Soylent is a powder that supposedly contains all the nutrients one needs so you just dissolve it in water, drink it, and that's it, you don't need to eat for the rest of the day).

These people love practicality.

What is more practical than a diet where:

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    you don't need to think what to eat every day
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    you know exactly what to buy when you get in the supermarket
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    there is no complicated cooking technique involved
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    the most difficult choice you have to make is "1 or 2 pinches of salt?"?

Reducing decision overload in an already very busy world is the key here.

Ron Swanson: steak, the only food

Are Bitcoin Fans Going to Die because of Carnivory?

I get you, I was skeptical about this myself.

Is a zero carb diet healthy?

Is a zero carb diet dangerous?

How early are these people going to die since they have a diet without "healthy" veggies?

Don't even start these people on veggies!

Ron Swanson not eating vegetables

It turns out that they might not be that helpful for you after all...

These are some of their points about not needing veggies to survive:

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    Meat contains all the vitamins you need (especially organ meats)
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    Fibers do not have a protective effect as have been led to believe
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    Plants have developed a complex defense system based on chemicals to defend themselves. When you eat a plant a chemical warfare goes on in your body and some people have weird reactions to fruits and vegetables (inflammation, bloating, gassiness, etc.)
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    There are tribes that thrive without ever eating a plant but only eating meat (e.g. Eskimos)
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    The paleolithic man would eat a meat only diet and surely not waste time on looking for broccoli (which would also not taste that appealing in the first place)

You can do a lot of research about it yourself and try to come up with your own conclusions.

I was skeptical.

Especially when it comes to a topic so polarizing as a diet, you can read a lot of bullshit about it.

The Most Serious Resource on How to Zero Carb

What got me convinced about this diet as a valuable lifestyle was seeing one of the people I respect most in the evidence-based fitness world jump on it: Borge Fagerli.

Borge is a Norwegian bodybuilding/powerlifting coach well established and respected in the field. 

He has coached thousands of athletes (even celebrities!) and he is famous for having invented some of the most revolutionary concepts in the field (Myo-reps, biorhythm diet, etc.).

Borge tried the Zero Carb diet on himself and on his clients and the results were astonishing:

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    Fat almost melting day by day
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    No hunger nor cravings
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    No constipation
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    No bloating
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    No gassiness
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    Increased libido

Well now, when I read things like these online I always scoff and think..."pff, another con man trying to sell me his magic pill."

But I know and respect Borge. He is one of the most honest and modest people out there, especially in a field so crowded and full of crap like the fitness industry.

So I didn't hesitate to check Borge's latest book on the Zero Carb/Carnivore diet.

If you want to know more about this diet and see all the rationale behind it, how to use a carnivore diet for bodybuilding/powerlifting, how many grams of fats and protein to support fat loss and to build huge muscle, I recommend you to check it out.

Zero Carb Diet for Bodybuilding

The book is called "The Zero Carb Diet: The ancestral way to lose weight, increase libido, improve physical and mental performance, and forget cravings" and it is the most complete resource on the zero carb diet for bodybuilding.

You will find the only rational and well-thought take on the Zero Carb diet — together with Borge's telling you his and his clients' experience with the diet.

The Zero Carb book is bundled with the famous book on Myo-reps a method developed by Borge to get big muscles in 70% less time. I use the method myself and I can vouch for it!

You can get both of them together with a simple Zero Carb cookbook by clicking here.

Of Glucose and Finger Pricks — Is Personalized Nutrition Possible?

With the publication of the last book of our friend Robb Wolf "Wired to Eat", the concept of personalized nutrition has become mainstream.

I sincerely think that personalized nutrition constitutes the binary that nutritional science should follow to instruct humans on which is the "best diet" for them and how to manage it.

The fact is that personalized nutrition, to be "personalized", requires a higher degree of quantification than most people are capable, or willing to do.

In Wired to Eat, the reader learns about how a team of Israelis scientists has collected a sample of DNA and microbiome of several subjects, applying them subsequently a CGM (Continuous Glucose Monitor).

Thanks to the different glycemic response of the individuals at various meals (with high variation in macronutrient ratios), they have been able to develop an algorithm that can predict the glycemic response of the person to a given meal, with a surprisingly high degree of accuracy.

On top of that, the algorithm can develop two lists that consist of the top food choices and the worst food choices for the given individual.

Not bad, huh? Being as curious as I am, I would like to have instant access to that algorithm.

However, as for now, I must be content to follow the alternative DIY solution proposed in the book: playing with a glucometer to test the glycemic reactions to different kinds of carb-sources.

On the paper, this procedure should help me to have a better understanding of my insulin sensitivity (associated with a lab test) and eventual particular auto-immune reactions triggered by certain foods because we know that stress-levels and inflammation can influence glycemic control.

What's needed to run the experiment? A simple glucometer and the food source that you want to test, with a proper amount of net carbs (usually 50g NET for a medium-sized male).

Are we giving anything for granted?

It is assumable that glucometers are reliable by law, right? Therefore two different glucometers should provide similar measures when using the same drop of blood, or at least the trend should be the same when several recordings are taken.

Even better, now that CGMs are available for the general public, if one wants to have an idea of his or her glycemic response, it should be enough to stick one of those expensive gizmos on the arm and look at the results, without even have to bother spilling precious blood.

My Experiment

To verify the state of the art of this technology, during this summer I ran several experiments on myself, taking advantage of my regained high degree of insulin sensitivity (that required almost two years of hard old-school "Ketogains approved" dietary and physical work).

I have done so by testing different glucometers with various food sources (even a CGM) and then I have compared the results.

Let's start with fasted blood glucose, here's mine:

fasted glucose measure


Here's my fasted blood glucose one hour after waking up:

fasted glucose measures 1 hour after waking up

Let's test a quick carb source, shall we?

glucose meter comparison 1
glucose meter comparison 2

I hear you... which one is the correct?

According to my latest lab blood markers, the Precision Neo by Abbot is the most reliable one in term of taking a "realistic snapshot".

glucose blood test reference

Let's compare it with a CGM made from the same producer, the Freestyle Neo.

Mid afternoon

Mid afternoon

Night (before sleep)

Night (before sleep)

Morning fasted after waking up

Morning fasted after waking up

Fasted (1 hour after waking up)

Fasted (1 hour after waking up)

Carb test with cereal bar

Carb test with cereal bar (1h)

Carb test with cereal bar (2h)

Carb test with cereal bar (2h)

The reality is that, even if the idea of monitoring blood glucose excursion after a meal — by having a standard scale to compare it with — is rational and enough simple to apply, the devices that are currently available on the market are:

  1. Calibrated for people with diabetes, therefore the precision of the measurement is higher, the higher your blood glucose is.
  2. Overall, not so much precise, especially the CGM (unfortunately). Moreover, this should be a serious matter of concern for people with type one diabetes, because, considering the huge margin of error between devices, the suggested insulin dose to be taken in relation to a state of hyperglycemia could be noticeably different by using the same drop of blood.

Should we then trash the home-made glycemic testing proposed in the book?


However, given the relative state of immaturity of this technology, it is suggested to look at the results of this kind of home-made experiments with a grain of salt, placing them in the context of a safe and well-researched whole-food based diet.

The protocols that are suggested in Wired to Eat constitute a reliable baseline, and it is not a case that Rob suggests starting from there before running this kind of experiments.

Finally, I want to end this article by launching this question: if something that should be supposedly well established like glucose reading is so "relative" and device-dependent, how reliable could be something like BHB tracking for nutritional ketosis outside from a lab context?

At state of the art, chasing macros and micros (nutrient density) should be more important than chasing ketones or glucose readings.

At state of the art, chasing macros and micros (nutrient density) should be more important than chasing ketones or glucose readings.

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Bottom line

  • Personalized nutrition from real-time biomarker readings is the future -not the present- of nutrition.
  • The best form of personalized nutrition, today, is based on macro and micronutrients management, based on the body composition of the individual.
  • Certain models of glucometer are more reliable than others in reflecting lab data testing.
  • Glucometers tend to give relatively correct absolute values for people with diabetes. Healthy people should look at the trends rather than the absolute values.
  • CGM is an exciting yet young and poorly tested technology.

Have you experienced something similar? Let me know in the comments below.

Robb Wolf’s Food Matrix Paleo Meal Generator

Based on Robb Wolf's Wired to Eat, I decided to create an automated version of the Food Matrix he proposes in the book.

​I added more Paleo friendly foods to his original list to make it more complete.

With one simple click, you can generate hundreds of thousands possible Paleo meal combinations. Talk about getting bored with the same food every day, eh!

I also added an option in case you are trying to lose weight or if you want a meal particularly rich in carbs (such as a pre- or post-workout Paleo meal).​

Click ahead and enjoy countless Paleo meal ideas!​

If you are looking for a decent Paleo Cookbook, this one is pretty comprehensive: Paleo Hacks Cookbook


I am trying to lose weight
I want more carbs

I would highly appreciate feedback on how to improve this. Feel free to send me a message clicking here.


Feeling overwhelmed trying the Paleo diet?

Bored to have eggs every single day for breakfast?

It doesn't have to be this way...

The Paleo Hacks Cookbook will show you plenty of easy, quick...and DELICIOUS Paleo recipes that will make you fall in love with this way of eating once more.

Never eat a boring mealover and over again!


How to Eat More for Hardgainers (using “The Hungry Brain”)

Disclaimer: The following post does not express the opinions of Dr. Stephan J. Guyenet. What follows are my opinions which I extrapolated and inferred by reading the book "The Hungry Brain". Be careful messing with this stuff as you might develop an eating disorder or worse, you are warned. I am not a medical doctor nor a registered dietitian hence this content is intended only as entertainment. I do not hold any responsibility for the use you are going to make out of it. As usual, be critical, use your brain, and don't screw things up.

If you want to increase your strength and pack some muscle you need to eat enough to allow your body to recover from a hard weight-lifting session by repairing your muscles and connective tissue.

Especially if you are skinny, getting enough food  is pivotal for being able to add weight to the bar and get bigger and stronger over time.

Clearly, eating isn't the only part of the equation since stress and sleep also play a very important role in the process. In this post, we will focus on strategies to increase your appetite and allow you to be able not only to handle more food but also to want to eat more in general.

How Is That Even Possible?

I always had troubles figuring out why people cannot eat too much.
If there is one thing that should be difficult in this in this day and age is to avoid to overeat.
We are constantly bombarded by advertisements promoting delicious and high-reward foods, high-calorie and highly-palatable food is at hands reach, recipes websites are exploding on the web with mouth-watering recipes to die for.

Yet, some people just can get themselves to eat and remain forever skinny.

First of all, let me congratulate you. You have no idea how many people would kill to have your genetics. Those of us who struggle with the opposite problem look at you in awe and tremendous jealousy.

The Hungry Brain

Interestingly, the tactics used to prevent "normal" gainers from overeating and become obese can be effectively used for hard-gainers like you to make you want to eat more without feeling "fatigued" and even revving up your appetite.

I recently finished reading an eye-opening book called "The Hungry Brain" by Stephan J. Guyenet, a neuroscientist specialized in obesity research. In this book, the author describes why people tend to overeat and become overweight/obese in today's environment.

It all has to do with the brain.

Your Monkey Brain Wants You To Get Big


You see, wanting to eat and accumulating fat was pivotal to our survival during the stone age. Food was scarcely available and its provision required hard work (burning calories). We hence evolved to prefer high-calorie and higly-palatable food which requires the least amount of work possible to procure and which provides us with a lot of energy that we can store for times of famine.

You can imagine how this clashes completely in today's environment where highly-palatable and high-calorie food is at hands reach everywhere at any time.

While this is a problem for "regular" people, for you, this is an advantage.

Let's have a look at what strategies you can use to eat more, extrapolated by the research on obesity which is masterfully reviewed in the book "The Hungry Brain".

3 Strategies to Increase your Appetite and Make You Want to Eat More

#1 Eat Caloric "Bombs"

If you have a small appetite and feel full already after a few bites there's a strategy to make each bite count.

Have calorie-dense meals. This means that you should create meals that give you the highest amount of calorie per volume of food. Here a visual representation of what I mean.

Gordon Ramsay's High-Protein Pork Chops

Practically this means that you should avoid (or drastically limit):

  • Low-fat products
  • Lean cuts of meats/poultry/fish (e.g. chicken breast, tilapia, etc.)
  • High-fiber foods (beans, legumes, whole grains, veggies, fruits)

Your meals should include:

  • A fatty protein source such as chicken drumsticks/legs, fatty fishes (mackerel/salmon/herring/sardines/tuna), whole eggs, full fat dairy (cream, yogurt, cheese), pork/beef/game
  • A dense carbohydrate source such as white rice, bread, pasta, noodles
  • A fat source such as avocado, peanut butter, olive oil, butter, chocolate, nuts, shredded coconut

The "Problem" with Veggies and Fruits

Fruits and veggies are the most important foods one needs, PERIOD.

The problem, if you are trying to bulk and gain mass, is that they have a high-fiber content and low-calorie density which will make you feel full faster and more easily. This is why a diet rich in fruits and veggies is naturally leaning.

While there are some fruits which are naturally rich in calories (dates, avocados, grapes, coconuts, mangos, bananas) most fruits and veggies are low in calories and high in fibers making them a "disaster" when you are trying to bulk.

How do we combine our need to increase calorie intake without feeling overstuffed?

I have two suggestions:

Exploit Sensory-Specific Satiety

Satiety is sensory specific. This means that when you have a savory dish and you feel stuffed, "magically" there is still room for dessert. This is because your sweet taste "hunger" has not been satisfied. This is great news for hard-gainers who want to put on muscle mass!


At the end of every meal, have a generous bowl of fresh fruit by itself or, for extra calories, topped with dressing or sweetener of your choice (more on this later).

This will accomplish two goals: make sure you have enough fruit in your day, getting in extra calories when you thought it wasn't possible.

The Smoothie Solution

Rhonda Patrick's trick to get all her vitamins in a single serving is by blending tons of veggies with fruit and chugging that all down in a smoothie of more 1000kcal!


You can do exactly the same!

Take the most nutritious veggies in season where you live and blend them all with fruit, honey, peanut butter, avocado, and a protein source you like (examples are whey, yogurt, eggs or egg whites, cottage cheese, quark, ...).

Getting all your micronutrients and tons of calories can be easily accomplished this way.

#2 Make You Want More

Sometimes you just don't feel hungry at all. Food doesn't look like something you are interested in right now.

Here is where you can unleash the chef in you or if you don't like to cook, use amazing tricks developed by chefs to make you want more and more of a meal!

Ricotta Bulking Dessert

You need to make your food appetizing, highly palatable. There is a ton of research (all mentioned in "The Hungry Brain") showing that our brain would make an appetite even if you are full of food that is calorie dense and that tastes great.

When you eat a high-calorie highly palatable food, your normal hunger signal is sort of hijacked and you will keep eating way past your normal level of satiety.

This doesn't happen with bland food, which is why it's pretty difficult for you to overeat chicken and broccoli.

To get you started making your meals more appetizing, either try any of the Naturally Strong recipes or use the tips below.

How To Make Food Taste Better

  • Cook in fat such as olive oil, butter, lard, coconut oil
  • Use salt or umami flavor enhancers such as soy sauce, fish sauce, nutritional yeast
  • Use sweeteners or honey
  • Combine high-fat ingredients and high-carbs one in the same meal (risotto is a great example of this)
  • Avoid cooking techniques such as steaming/boiling/poaching and replace with sauteing/broiling/roasting/baking
  • Use olive oil and butter as toppings on basically anything

#3 Get Led into Temptation

Pollo alla Romana

Still struggling mounting an appetite?

It's time for you to literally surround yourself with food, especially high-calories one.

You want to place "ready-to-eat" food in every possible location in your room that makes it easy for you to access it and eat.

By "ready-to-eat" I don't mean junk/processed food. I mean that if you place nuts, remove them from their shells; peel fruits; place a teaspoon next to the peanut butter jar, etc.

You want to make it very easy for you to access food so that should you have even the slightest hint of hunger, you could just go grab and eat it.

This approach works well with snacks. Some "healthy" ideas are:

  • Dark chocolate
  • Almonds, walnuts, macadamia nuts, cashew nuts, hazelnuts
  • Almond/Cashew/Peanut butter (to make it even more palatable, sprinkle it with sweetener or mix it with honey)
  • Dried fruits
  • Coconut Chips

To bring it to the extremes, you could attach photos of food and appetizing recipes all around your apartment... (a suggestion would be to start looking at the hashtag #foodporn on Instagram).


As you see, eating above your maintenance in a bulking phase is easy, even if you think you are an hard-gainer.

It all comes down to 1) increase the caloric density of your meals, 2) make your food highly palatable, 3) stimulate your brain with food cues.

In a future post, we will have a look at other strategies (not coming from the book "The Hungry Brain") that can help you eat more when you are trying to put on some muscle mass.

If you are interested in more tips specifically aimed at hard-gainers or if you just want to know more about gaining muscle mass while limiting fat gains, I am starting a bi-weekly newsletter in which I will give you tips, tricks, and recipes to make your muscle gains easier. You can sign up here.

Are Spinach Performance Enhancing Foods? On the Role of Dietary Nitrates as Ergogenic Aids

I'm not a medical doctor. Please consult your physician before attempting any of the things described in this post. Even more so if you have thyroid-related issues.

Do you remember Popeye the Sailor Man and the secret behind his super-human strength?

Before punching the bad guys in the face, he used to gulp down a can full of spinach.

And, yes, I'm aspiring to write quite seriously about a cartoon.

Does it mean that vegans are right and that therefore we should all ditch animal protein and replace it with vegetable sources of incomplete chains of amino acids? Clearly not, and that would be a misinterpretation.

The right answer behind Popeye's physical performance is this: nitrates.

Popeye loves nitrates!

What Are Nitrates?

Nitrates are anions (negative ions) which, once ingested, provide a plethora of significant benefits to the human body.

They're decomposed into nitrites by the action of the bacteria contained in the saliva. These littler molecules then function as "raw material" for producing nitric oxide (NO) upon further redox.[1][2][3]

Circulating nitric oxide is associated with: [4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

  • better energy output
  • better aerobic resistance
  • improved blood flow
  • improved muscle recovery

Also, nitrates tend to optimize the rate at which the body is capable of producing ATP from food.

Needless to say, more ATP, more available energy![12]

Which Foods Contain Nitrates?

Unfortunately, it is impossible to find nitrates in a supplement form because of the regulation against sodium nitrate.

Therefore, the only possible way to introduce more nitrates in your organism -even if it is still possible to enhance circulating NO trough citrulline supplementation [13]- is by eating more nitrate-rich whole food, green vegetables in particular.

The most used veggies which provide an appreciable amount of nitrates are spinach and beetroot (juice, in particular, is the preferred source in the athletic context) [14][15].

However, there are two issues with these sources:


Spinach source of nitrates

Spinach is also rich in oxalates: anti-nutrients that bind with minerals like magnesium, calcium, and iron preventing their absorption.

In particular, when oxalates bind with calcium, the resulting calcium oxalate forms insoluble crystals that are the main reasons behind the formation of kidney stones. For preventing

To prevent this risk, when you consume spinach for their nitrate content it is advisable to cook and drain them for removing the oxalate content. Nitrates, fortunately, aren't lost after the cooking process. In this condition, even the vitamins and minerals are more available.


Beetroots source of nitrates

Beetroots have a high net carbohydrate content, making the juice solution unpractical for those fitness enthusiasts who are following a low-carb diet such as the ketogenic diet.

Fortunately, there are other food sources which provide more dietary nitrates, less oxalate, and less net-carbs:


Arugula source of nitrates

Arugula: 100 grams of this leafy vegetable have an outstanding content of 332,3 mg of dietary nitrates with a minimal amount of oxalates (7.1 mg). Great source of Vitamin K as well and a net carb content of 2.1 grams.

Turnip Greens

Turnip Greens

Turnip Greens: my favorite source of dietary nitrates, are commonly used in the Italian cuisine. 100 grams contain 284,5 mg of nitrates and just 50 mg of oxalates. Usually, they are served cooked. Therefore it's easy to remove that little trace of oxalates.

On top of the nitrate content, turnip greens are literally a goldmine of vitamin K, A and copper. But the best thing is that 100 grams of cooked and drained turnip greens contain just 1 g of net carbs, making it one of the best choices for a well formulated ketogenic diet.

Let's see how these two vegetables compared to the most common spinach and beetroot:

Vegetable (100g)

Nitrates (mg)

Oxalates (mg)




Turnip Greens









I'm not saying that you must completely substitute spinach and beetroot juice (especially if limiting net carb isn't a priority), but the sources above could add some variety to your diet and a significant boost in dietary nitrates!

High-Protein Turnip Greens Recipe Ideas

Let's see how to prepare turnip greens and some idea for coupling them in some easy to make high-protein recipes:

How to Prep and Store Turnip Greens

  1. Cut the lower part of the stem (half to one inch) and keep the top.
  2. Wash well with plenty of  cold water.
  3. Cut the upper part of the stem in pieces of 2 inches length.
  4. In a pot, add water (around 2 inches).
  5. Add the turnip greens cut in pieces and some marine salt.
  6. Cook for 20 minutes, covering the pot with a lid.
  7. After 20 min and turning the heat off, let them set and, when the turnip greens are cool enough, drain the excess water with a colander.
  8. Grease a pan with a fat source of your choice (I like to use a drop of extra virgin olive oil), sautè the turnip greens with salt, garlic and aromatic herbs of your choice.

You can prepare up to a kilo of turnip greens in this way, portion them and store in the fridge or in the freezer.

You'll have only to lightly re-heat them in the microwave or on the stove and couple with a protein source of your choice.

Let's now check some recipes!

​Grilled Salmon With Zucchini, Turnip Greens, Apple Cider Vinegar, Curcumin and Black Pepper


Salmon, pink, raw: 180 grams
Turnip greens cooked: 375 grams
Zucchini cooked: 175 grams


Protein: 43 grams
Net Carbs: 6.2 grams
Fat: 9 grams
Kcal: 330

Ggrilled Salmon With Zucchini, Turnip Greens, Apple Cider Vinegar, Curcumin and Black Pepper

Boiled Beef With Turnip Greens, Vinegar, Curcumin, Black Pepper and Italian Herbs.


Beef, plate, lean only, cooked: 200 grams
Turnip greens, cooked 270 grams


Protein: 56 grams
Net Carbs: 2.3 grams
Fat: 21 grams
Kcal: 422

Boiled Beef With Turnip Greens, Vinegar, Curcumin, Black Pepper and Italian Herbs.

Sauteed Lean Beef Slices With Fried Quail Eggs, Turnip Greens, Curcumin, Black Pepper, Italian Herbs and Apple Cider Vinegar.


Beef eye of round lean only raw: 130 grams
Egg, quail, raw: 4 whole eggs
Turnip greens cooked: 380 grams


Protein: 37 grams
Net Carbs: 3.4 grams
Fat: 8 grams
Kcal: 284

Sauteed Lean Beef Slices With Fried Quail Eggs, Turnip Greens, Curcumin, Black Pepper, Italian Herbs and Apple Cider Vinegar.


Here you can see how turnip greens could be a great versatile addition to your diet.

They provide a softer taste compared to spinach, but a crunchier texture because of the higher fiber content. You could easily alternate them with spinach and other leafy green vegetables with your favorite sources of animal protein!

However, athletes who want to take in a large dose of nitrates for supporting their workout session should consume between 6.5 and 13 mg of dietary nitrate per Kg of body weight two hours before in an easily digestible source [9][2]. This is what makes beetroot juice so practical.

I dare you to eat 500g of cooked spinach or turnip greens one or two hours before a heavy resistance training session.

In the upcoming part of this article, I will explore some practical solutions (aka smoothies) for fueling yourself with dietary nitrates before your workout. Blending your vegetables indeed enhances dietary nitrate availability[2].

In the meantime, please, obey to your mom and eat your green veggies! They're good for your circulatory system!


  • Dietary nitrates enhance blood flow, muscle recovery, energy output, aerobic resistance and ATP production.
  • There's no available supplementation for dietary nitrates. You have to eat your greens!
  • Cooking your vegetables do not reduce nitrates availability.
  • For enhancing your physical performance, you should take between 6,5 and 13 mg of dietary nitrate per Kg of body weight two hours prior your workout session.
  • Blending your green veggies enhance dietary nitrate availability.
  • You should cook and drain oxalate-rich greens (spinach) for preventing kidney stones formation.
  • The best sources of dietary nitrates are, in order of content: arugula, turnip greens, beetroot, spinach.

Image from

Post edited by Alex Ferrari


What Does Rhonda Patrick Eat and Supplement? (from Tim Ferriss Podcast #237)

Dr. Rhonda Patrick was recently on Tim Ferriss podcast with a more than two hours long episode in which she discussed in painstakingly detail various topics including what she eats in a typical day, which supplements she takes, and what kind of training regimen she adopts.

I couldn't find the transcript of the episode that's why here I'm giving you the transcript of the part that would interest most the readers of this blog: what does Rhonda Patrick eat, what supplements Rhonda Patrick takes, what kind of exercises does Rhonda Patrick do.

A word of caution: Rhonda Patrick cites a lot of scientific literature in the podcast but, because of the podcast format, she clearly can't reference the exact papers. I didn't verify any of her claims so take this post at face value, sort of a transcribed version of the Tim Ferriss podcast she was guest in.​

Rhonda Patrick' Supplements Summary

Rhonda Patrick's General Eating Guidelines​

  • no refined carbs, sugar nor processed foods
  • focus on nutrient density
  • occasional use of smoothies as meal replacement to add servings of fruits and vegetables to her daily intake

Rhonda Patrick seems to be following a Paleo diet. This is one of the best diets to maximize the amount of nutrients and to live a healthy and productive lifestyle. If you are interested in a big selection of healthy, mouthwatering, very easy Paleo recipes, I recommend you check out the Paleo Hacks Cookbook.

Rhonda Patrick's Breakfast

Rhonda Patrick always eats breakfast and early in the day as the practices time-restricting eating as she discussed here.

Her typical breakfasts rotate between the two following meals.

Breakfast 1​

The first breakfast is scrambled eggs with tomatillo salsa, sauteed kale and garlic in avocado oil topped with olive oil, salt, mustard powder, grapefruit on the side.

She breaks down the reason for each component in her breakfast. Let's have a look.


Eggs are a source of choline which is used to make the neurotransmitter acetylcholine but it is also a source of methylation which affects epigenetics.

Tomatillo Salsa​

Tomatoes contain tomatidine which has been found to boost muscle mass in mice by reducing activity of ATF4 which inhibits muscle protein synthesis.

Avocado Oil​

Avocado oil is rich in monounsaturated fatty acids and contains not many polyunsaturated fatty acids which can be easily oxidized hence harmful to consume. Furthermore, avocado oil has a high smoking point, making it resistant to high heat​.

Mustard Powder​

Mustard is a source of myrosinase which speeds up the conversion of precursos in kale into isothiocyanates​.



Among all the copious amounts of minerals and vitamins, kale is rich in lutein and zeaxanthin​.

​These molecules protect the eyes and brain from radical oxygen species. Furthermore, high plasma levels of these molecules are associated with neuroefficiency (memory recall requires less brain power), improved neuroprocessing speed, higher volume of gray matter, improved crystallized intelligence (ability to use skills and knowledge that one has accumulated over a life time).

Futhermore, the eggs in this meal increase absorption of lutein and zeaxanthine up to 4-fold.


Grapefruit contains ferulic acid which seems to be anti-carcinogenic and to inhibit proinflammatory molecules such as TNF-alpha and prostaglandin H2. Furthermore it provides naringin​ which as a wide array of health benefits.

Breakfast 2​

The second breakfast recipe that Rhonda Patrick eats consists of a nut and berry cereal with hydrolized collagen powder and coconut milk​. Let's see what it's made of!


The cereal contains a wide array of chopped nuts including walnuts, pecan, macadamia nuts.

This provides:

  • magnesium
  • calcium
  • zinc
  • protein
  • omega3 ALA (not substitute for DHA and EPA​)



Blueberries are rich in Pterostilbene which is similar to Resveratrol but is 4-times more bioavailable. In mice it has been shown to improve brain function, prevent heart disease, and to ward off some types of cancer.

Blueberries are also rich in Anthocyanin, a molecule that has been shown to lower DNA damage which would cause cancer.


One of the compounds in pomegranates is transformed by the gut microbiome in Urolithin A. This molecule causes mitophagy, a process in which defective mitochondria are removed. It has also been shown to improve muscle function and endurance in mice by up to 42% and to increase life span by 45% in worms.


For extra ALA and fiber.

Coconut Milk

For MCTs (medium chain triglycerides) . She doesn't consume dairy milk because it contains salivary protein which binds to Anthocyanin and polyphenols, limiting their bioavailability.

Raw Cacao Nibs​

They have plethora of polyphenols, including EGCG which activates many anti-oxidant genes and kills cancer cells​. Check it on Amazon >>

Hydrolized Collagen Powder

For proline which accelerates wound healing and for glycine which is an important inhibitory neurotransmitter. Check it on Amazon >>

Almond Butter

Occasionally, for extra protein and to make it delicious.

Yogurt or VSL #3

Occasionally. Here the VSL #3 on Amazon.

Rhonda Patrick's Lunch


Often she has one of her favorite smoothies for lunch.

Rhonda Patrick with Smoothie

The smoothies have all in common the same base:

Below, the exact smoothie recipes she uses.

Rhonda Patrick's Ultimate Micronutrient Smoothie Recipe

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    8 large kale leaves​​​​
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    4-6 rainbow chard leaves with stems
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    3 cups (~710 ml) of baby spinach
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    2 medium to large carrots
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    1 tomato
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    1 large avocado
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    1 banana
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    1 apple
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    1 cup (~710ml) of blueberries (fresh or frozen)
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    1 tall shot glass of flaxseed (optional)
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    3 cups (~710 ml) of unsweetened flax milk

The total volume size is ~64 fluid ounces (1.9 liters) and the all ingredients are organic.

Micronutrients Breakdown

Here is the vitamin and mineral content breakdown as reported from her video. The asterisk indicates whether the 64 fluid ounces meets or beats the recommended dietary allowance (RDA). 

Note: in practice, she drinks about half of this in a given serving.

magnesium 588 mg*
calcium mg 2,116 mg*
potassium 5,883 mg*
vitamin K 5,239 μg*
vitamin C 630 mg*
vitamin E 9 IU
vitamin A 4,530 μg*
vitamin D2 600 IU
beta carotene 53.5 mg
vitamin B6 3 mg*
pantothenic acid 4.4 mg*
vitamin B12 1.8 μg
thiamin 0.6 mg
riboflavin 0.9 mg
niacin 10 mg
folate 480 μg*
manganese 9.6 mg*
phosphorous 700 mg*
zinc 4.5 mg
copper 1.9 mg*
selenium 10 μg
iron 10.8 mg*
sodium 985 mg
lutein + zeaxanthin 390 mg
ALA 4,684 mg*
fiber 49 g*


Rhonda Patrick's Smoothie #2 Recipe

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    Kale (8 leaves)
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    Chard (two rainbow chard leaves and stems)
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    Spinach (2 cups)
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    Celery (2)
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    Parsley (8 pieces)
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    Carrot (1 large)
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    Tomato (1)
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    Apple (1)
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    Lemon (1)
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    Frozen organic blueberries (1-2 cups)
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    Avocado (1)
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    Hydrolized Collagen Powder (1/4 cup)
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    Water (2 cups of water)

Lunch Variation

​Occasionally she has avocado with lemon juice and wild Alaskan salmon roe with a side of sauerkraut. She breaks down the reasons for each components as we shall see below.


Avocados are rich in potassium and both forms of vitamin E (from supplements you usually only get one single form while from food is balanced)​. Furthermore, avocados are a source of monounsaturated fatty acids.

Salmon Roe Caviar​

Salmon roe caviar is a good source of omega3s which are found here in high amount. Furthermore, the omega3s in caviar are in the phospholipid form which is better for their bioavailability. Phospholipids omega3s are more easily transported into the brain and a correlation has been found between omega3s levels and brain volume.

Salmon roe caviar is also a good source of Astaxanthin which protects from oxidation both the omega3s and the neurons​.


Sauerkraut is a good source of fermentable fiber aka prebiotics. These stimulate proliferation of good bacteria and strengthen immune system. Sauerkraut is also good source of probiotics, mostly lactobacilli which might be helpful in cancer prevention​.

Rhonda Patrick's Dinner​

For dinner, Dr. Rhonda Patrick has vegetables and protein.


As vegetables she has them either ​cooked or in a big salad of greens.


As for the cooked vegetables, she often has sauteed spinach.​

Spinach are rich in folate which precursor of thiamine (DNA base). Folate has been shown to increase growth of stem cells which normally deplete with age being the main source of aging and organ dysfunction. Furthermore, folate protect telomers​.

Collard Greens​

Instead of spinach she usually sautees:


These contain isothiocyanate. Research has shown that the top 20% consumers of cruciferous vegetables have 22% reduction in all cause mortality​.

She sprinkles these with with mustard powder on top for an additional source of myrosinase.




Rich in omega3s and low mercury content.

Chicken Legs​

In addition to protein, they provides cartilage which is rich in prolyne and glycine.

Furthermore, chicken is high in selenium (cofactor for all glutathion related enzymes) and contains modest amount of zinc, copper, iron​.​

Sometimes she makes a broth with bones to get same benefits of hydrolized collagen.

Grass-Fed Fillet

A few times per month she consumes grass-fed fillet which is a good source of vitamin B12, iron, and zinc​.

Rhonda Patrick' Snack

She doesn't define in the podcast when she consumes this but I assumed she eats it sort of as a snack. I'm ready to correct this as soon as I know her timing better.​

Three times per week she consumes a smoothie with broccoli sprouts (100g if fresh weight, less if frozen since freezing increases sulforaphane content).

Rhonda Patrick' Supplements​

Here is the supplementation regimen of Dr. Rhonda Patrick.


She takes the Multivitamin by Pure Encapsulations because it covers the basis for many micronutrients and has some trace elements including boron. Boron has been shown to reduce double strands breaks in the DNA, to accelerate wound healing, to increase plasma free testosterone, and to increase the half-life of vitamin D.

Vitamin D​

She takes 2000 IUs of vitamin D daily. If she doesn't get enough sun, she supplements with extra 2000 IUs.

Magnesium Citrate Malate

She takes 135mg magnesium citrate malate from Thorne Research daily. Check it on Amazon >>

She tries to get enough magnesium from foods which indirectly is the measure of how much greens she's getting​.

Vitamin K2

​Normally found in fermented foods (e.g. natto) and in organ meats.

With vitamin D, vitamin K-2 is involved in calcium homeostasis.

She takes 100ug daily in metaquinone form (aka MK4).

​Fish Oil

She takes 2 capsules of Omega-3 Phospholipids by Nordic Naturals. This form is is isolated from herring roe. The phoshoplipid DHA is in the form uptaken by the brain best and it's the same form that you get if you take krill oil. Check it on Amazon >>

She also takes extra 4 capsules of ProOmega 2000 by Nordic Naturals​. This omega3s product is isolated in oxygen removed conditions which prevents oxidation of the fish oil. Check it on Amazon >>


Either once a week or once every 2 weeks​ she takes a sachet of VSL #3 probiotics.

Nicotinamide Riboside​

She takes the one from Thorne Research. This is a form of vitamin B3 that gets converted in NAD and in mice has been shown to improve metabolic function​.


She takes the formulation Meriva of curcumin.

Rhonda Patrick's Exercise Regimen​

She exercises daily, even if for only 15 minutes.

She combines a mix of aerobic, high intensity training, strength training, yoga, and ballet​.

Endurance Exercise

She runs 3 miles 3x/week. Especially when she has a big decision to make or something is causing her anxiety since running offers her a cognitive boost.

High Intensity Training

She performs squat jumps

Strength Training

She focuses on lower body muscles with weighted squats and lunges 2-3 times per week in order to maintain muscle mass​

Yoga and Ballet Exercises

3-4 times per week to increase flexibility and tone specific muscle groups.​


20-30 min sauna session 3 times per week​. Here she explains why.


Rhonda Patrick eats for health and longevity and she does it very mindfully and using science to do so.

Personally I would have more protein throughout the day but we have different goals.

Also be aware that she relies a lot on animal research (being the field very cutting edge) and the findings in animals not always translate to humans.

But she always states when findings are results of animal research and never tries to deceive you.

Finally, it's clear that her eating habits are not for every one, budget wise. Many items indeed are very expensive such as the salmon rod and all that amount of veggies.

Regardless, if budget is not a concern for you, go ahead and be inspired by her healthy way of eating!

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paleo meals

You will never say it in public but we both know it's true.

Every day almost the same bland food.

It makes you healthy and strong, sure...but how long are you going to last on this lifestyle?...really...​

It doesn't have this way.

Making a meal healthy AND delicious at the same time IS possible.

The Paleo Hacks Cookbook will give you the freedom of not having to think "how can I make these boring eggs interesting again?".

Rhonda Patrick follows a Paleo diet and this book will give you the possibility of eating as healthy as her all year around with lots of easy yet mouthwatering recipes.​

Forget another day starting with  hard-boiled eggs!​

I'm curious...

Before you go, could you give me 30 seconds of your time and let me know why are you interested in Rhonda Patrick's way of eating? Just answer in the form below. Thank you in advance!​​